慢性胃炎的调养防治
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慢性胃炎的调养与防治。家庭护理一词随着科学技术的不断进步而走进人们的生活,它不但要求人们注重锻炼还要关心日常的生活饮食作息规律,拥有全面的家庭护理知识是取得健康的一大保证,那么如何才能做好家庭护理呢,下面跟随小编一起来了解一下,希

慢性胃炎的调养与防治。家庭护理一词随着科学技术的不断进步而走进人们的生活,它不但要求人们注重锻炼还要关心日常的生活饮食作息规律,拥有全面的家庭护理知识是取得健康的一大保证,那么如何才能做好家庭护理呢,下面跟随小编一起来了解一下,希望能给大家带去帮助。

Recuperation and prevention of chronic gastritis. With the continuous progress of science and technology, the word home care has come into people's life. It requires people not only to pay attention to exercise, but also to pay attention to the daily life, diet, work and rest. Having a comprehensive knowledge of home care is a major guarantee of health. Then how can we do a good job of home care? Following the short edition I hope you can help us.

 

(一)主要是增加机体抵抗力,锻炼能够适应环境改变的能力。

(1) increase the body's resistance and exercise the ability to adapt to environmental changes.

 

(二)搞好生活管理,注意饮食卫生,保证身体健康。

(two) do a good job in life management, pay attention to diet hygiene and ensure good health.

 

(三)避免或减少对胃刺激性过大的食物。

(three) avoid or reduce food that is irritating to the stomach.

 

(四)及时、妥善地处理急性胃炎。

(four) timely and proper treatment of acute gastritis.

 

(五)去除体内的感染病灶(口、鼻、咽喉)。

(five) remove the infected focus (mouth, nose, throat).

 

人们常说“人食五谷杂粮,孰能无疾”.而饮食入口,首先影响的就是胃。胃粘膜血管丰富,具有对食品的贮存、消化和运送功能。所以饮食不调是引起胃病的重要因素。慢性胃炎是一种十分常见的消化道疾病,以胃粘膜的非特异性炎症为主要病理变化,根据胃粘膜的组织学改变,可分浅表性、萎缩性、肥厚性三种类型。临床上共有的症状为:上腹部闷胀疼痛、嗳气频繁、泛酸、食欲减退、消瘦、腹泻等症。由于在慢性胃炎发病中饮食因素占有重要地位,因此养成良好的饮食习惯是防治胃炎的关键,这也是与其它疾病不同的地方。总的来说进食时做到以下几点,慢性胃炎要以说已治愈了一半。

People often say that "people eat grains and grains, which can be free from disease". The gastric mucosa is rich in blood vessels and has the function of storing, digesting and transporting food. Therefore, eating disorders is an important factor causing stomach disease. Chronic gastritis is a very common gastrointestinal disease. Non-specific inflammation of gastric mucosa is the main pathological change. According to the histological changes of gastric mucosa, it can be divided into three types: superficial, atrophic and hypertrophic. Common clinical symptoms are: epigastric pain, frequent belching, pantothenic acid, loss of appetite, emaciation, diarrhea and other diseases. Because dietary factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, good dietary habits are the key to prevent and treat gastritis, which is different from other diseases. Generally speaking, the following points should be taken when eating. Chronic gastritis should be cured by half.

 

宜慢。细嚼慢咽可以减少粗糙食物对胃粘膜的刺激。北京金帝国际丝足会所

It should be slow. Chewing slowly can reduce the stimulation of rough food on gastric mucosa.

 

宜节。饮食应有节律,切忌暴饮暴食及食无定时。

Proper Festival. Diet should be rhythmic. Avoid overeating and eating without timing.

 

宜洁。注意饮食卫生,杜绝外界微生物对胃粘膜的侵害。

It is good to clean. Pay attention to diet hygiene and eliminate the damage of external microbes to gastric mucosa.

 

宜细。尽量做到进食较精细易消化、富有营养的食物。

It should be fine. Try to eat foods that are delicate, easy to digest and nutritious.

 

宜清淡。少食肥、甘、厚、腻、辛辣等食物,少饮酒及浓茶。

It should be light. Eat less fat, sweet, thick, greasy, spicy food, less alcohol and strong tea.

 

慢性胃炎的调养防治

Prevention and treatment of chronic gastritis

 

慢性胃炎的饮食注意事项:

Dietary considerations for chronic gastritis:

 

慢性胃炎的发病多与饮食习惯有密切的关系,如:长期过量饮酒、浓茶、咖啡,长期过量食用辣椒、芥末等刺激性强的调味品。更重要的是不合理的饮食习惯,如:不按时进餐或不进早餐,盲目减肥控制进餐或暴饮暴食使胃黏膜受损伤。主要症状有上腹饱闷感、嗳气、反酸、恶心、烧心、隐痛、食欲下降等。因此,合理的饮食调理对防治慢性胃炎有着极其重要的意义。当然,患者一旦发生急性胃炎应及时治愈,防止转化为慢性胃炎。

The incidence of chronic gastritis is closely related to dietary habits, such as: long-term excessive drinking, strong tea, coffee, long-term excessive consumption of hot pepper, mustard and other irritating condiments. More importantly, unreasonable eating habits, such as not eating on time or breakfast, blindly weight loss control meals or binge eating make gastric mucosa damage. The main symptoms are abdominal fullness, belching, acid regurgitation, nausea, heartburn, dull pain, loss of appetite and so on. Therefore, reasonable diet conditioning is of great importance in the prevention and treatment of chronic gastritis. Of course, once the patient has acute gastritis, it should be promptly cured to prevent conversion to chronic gastritis.

 

饮食治疗原则

Principles of diet therapy

 

食宜定时定量:每日三餐应按时进食,且不宜吃得过饱。正餐之间可少量加餐,但不宜过多,以免影响正餐。

Food should be regularly quantified: three meals a day should be eaten on time, and should not be overeaten. A small meal can be served between meals, but not too much to avoid eating.

 

注重软、烂、消化:食用的主食、蔬菜及鱼肉等荤菜,特别是豆类、花生米等硬果类都要煮透、烧熟使之软烂,便于消化吸收,少吃粗糙和粗纤维多的食物,要求食物要精工细作,富含营养。

Pay attention to soft, rotten, digestion: edible staple food, vegetables and fish and other meat, especially beans, peanuts and other hard fruits should be boiled thoroughly, cooked to make it soft rotten, easy to digest and absorb, eat less coarse and coarse fiber food, require food to work carefully, rich in nutrition.

 

保持新鲜、清淡:各种食物均应新鲜,不宜存放过久食用。吃新鲜而含纤维少的蔬菜及水果,如冬瓜、黄瓜、番茄、土豆、菠菜叶、小白菜、苹果、梨、香蕉、橘子等。吃清淡少油的膳食。清淡膳食既易于消化吸收,又利于胃病的康复。

Keep fresh and light: all kinds of food should be fresh and should not be eaten for too long. Eat fresh and low fiber vegetables and fruits, such as wax gourd, cucumber, tomatoes, potatoes, spinach leaves, cabbage, apples, pears, bananas, oranges, etc. Eat light, less oily meals. Light diet is not only easy to digest and absorb, but also conducive to the recovery of stomach diseases.

 

讲究烹调方法:宜选用的烹调方法为蒸、煮、焖、炖、烩、汆。不宜选用煎、炸、熏、烤等烹调方法,因为用这些方法加工出的菜肴不易消化,机体很难吸收。

Pay attention to cooking methods: suitable cooking methods are steaming, boiling, braising, stewing, braising, and cooking. It is not advisable to use such cooking methods as frying, frying, smoking and baking, because the dishes processed by these methods are not easy to digest and the body is difficult to absorb.

 

莫忘饮食禁忌:慢性胃炎患者忌食烈性酒(其他酒类也应少饮或不饮)、香烟、浓茶、咖啡、辣椒、芥末等刺激性强的调味品。不宜吃过甜、过咸、过浓、过冷、过热、过酸的汤类及菜肴,以防伤害胃黏膜。大量饮用碳酸饮料也会对胃黏膜造成不同程度的损害。

Don't forget dietary taboos: patients with chronic gastritis should avoid strong liquor (other alcoholic drinks should also drink less or not), cigarettes, strong tea, coffee, pepper, mustard and other irritating condiments. Should not eat too sweet, too salty, too thick, too cold, too hot, too sour soup and dishes, in order to prevent damage to the gastric mucosa. Large quantities of carbonated drinks can also cause varying degrees of damage to the gastric mucosa.

 北京金帝国际丝足会所

家庭护理作为时下备受关注的词汇,中医专家从以上几个方面给大家做出了介绍,相信大家也都有了一定的了解,家庭护理应因人而异选择适合自己的护理方法才是王道。最后小编祝愿大家都能拥有健康的身体。

Family nursing as a vocabulary of great concern at present, Chinese medicine experts from the above several aspects to everyone made an introduction, I believe we have a certain understanding of family nursing should be different from people to choose their own nursing methods is the kingly way. Finally, Xiaobian wishes that everyone can have a healthy body.